The Earliest North American Medical Schools:
Chronological List of Founding Dates
Until 1834, the medical schools founded in North America were as follows, in chronological order, with extinct schools printed in italics and numbers in square brackets indicating the seniority of surviving schools:
- 1 . Medical Department of the College of Philadelphia (1765, now the School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania).
- 2 . Faculty of Physic of King's College, New York (1767; suspended 1776; re-organized 1791 as the Faculty of Physic of Columbia College; dissociated from Columbia and merged 1813-1814 with the College of Physicians and Surgeons in the City of New York, which had been chartered in 1807; reaffiliated 1891 with Columbia University; now the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University).
- 3 . Medical School of Harvard College (1782, now Harvard Medical School).
- 4. Faculty of Physic of Queen's College, New York (1787, suspended 1794, re-established April 1812, dissolved September 1816).
- 5.  Medical Department of Dartmouth College (1797, now Dartmouth Medical School).
- 6. Medical College of Transylvania University (1799, dissolved 1857).
- 7.  College of Medicine of Maryland (1807, now University of Maryland School of Medicine).
- 8. Medical School of Fairfield Academy (1809, re-established 1812 as the College of Physicians and Surgeons of the Western District of the State of New York, dissolved 1841).
- 9. Brown University Medical School (1811, dissolved 1831).
- 10.  Medical Institution of Yale College (1810, now Yale University School of Medicine).
- 11. Castleton Medical Academy, Vermont (1818, later Vermont Academy of Medicine, dissolved 1861).
- 12.  Medical College of Ohio (1819, now University of Cincinnati College of Medicine).
- 13. Medical School of Maine of Bowdoin College (June 1820, dissolved 1921).
- 14.  University of Vermont Medical Department (1822, now University of Vermont School of Medicine).
- 15. Berkshire Medical Institution of Massachusetts (1823, dissolved 1869).
- 16.  Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia (1824, now Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University).
- 17.  Medical College of South Carolina (1824, now the Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine).
- 18.  Medical Department of the University of Virginia (1824, now University of Virginia School of Medicine).
- 19. Auburn Medical School, Cayuga County, New York (Fall 1824, dissolved 1839).
- 20.  Columbian College Medical Department, Washington, D. C. (1825, now George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences).
- 21. College of Physicians of the Valley of Virginia at Winchester (1825, dissolved 1829).
- 22. Washington Medical College of Baltimore (1826, dissolved 1852).
- 23. Rutgers Medical College in the City of New York (1826, reaffiliated 1827 as Rutgers Medical Faculty of Geneva College, dissolved 1830).
- 24. Clinical School of Medicine, Woodstock, Vermont (1827, later Vermont Medical College, dissolved 1856).
- 25.  Medical Academy of Georgia (1828, now Medical College of Georgia School of Medicine).
- 26.  Montreal Medical Institution (1823, reaffiliated 1829 as McGill University Faculty of Medicine).
- 27. Miami University Medical Department, Ohio (announced 1831, never established).
- 28. New York School of Medicine (1831, dissolved 1833).
- 29.  Louisville Medical Institute (1833, now University of Louisville School of Medicine).
- 30.  Medical Institution of Geneva College (September 15, 1834, called from 1852 to 1871 Geneva Medical College, from 1871 to 1875 College of Physicians and Surgeons of the Syracuse University, from 1875 to 1887 College of Medicine of Syracuse University, from 1887 to 1950 Syracuse University College of Medicine, from 1950 to 1953 SUNY College of Medicine at Syracuse, from 1953 to 1986 SUNY Upstate Medical Center, from 1986 to 1999 SUNY Health Science Center at Syracuse, and since 1999 SUNY Upstate Medical University).
- 31.  Medical College of Louisiana (September 23, 1834, now Tulane University School of Medicine).
- 32.  Willoughby Medical College, Ohio (November 1834, now the Ohio State University College of Medicine).
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